In addition to monitoring current threats in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, we are also working to provide further documentation of cultural genocide in Nakhichevan/Nakhchivan and research accusations regarding the abuse of Islamic sites in Nagorno-Karabakh. This archival dimension of our research requires extensive work to create a database of sites with high precision geographic coordinates and find suitable archival satellite imagery. Hence, this work will necessarily proceed at a slower pace than our monitoring of current threats.
CHW's archival research utilizes the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) center's extensive database of declassified US surveillance images, including the CORONA, Gambit, and Hexagon missions. These reconnaissance operations utilized medium- to high-resolution cameras using photographic film to image strategic locations, including many in the South Caucasus.
Analyses of historical imagery can be paired with more recent earth observation platforms available through Google Earth or other free providers to create a documentary record of damage or destruction.